Among many things, when you talk about cargo shipping, the prime factor that needs to be taken into consideration is the mode of transport. In the past, the export and import of goods were mainly done through the sea. With the growth of technical awareness and the advancements in the field of science, trains, vehicles, and airplanes came into the light. These modifications in the mode of transportation changed the dynamics of many industries, including cargo services as well.

In the modern world, you will come across many options regarding means of transportation, when you are shipping your products through cargo. Apart from the cost, the type of goods, the urgency of transit, and the size and shape of the products are evaluating factors that help in determining the mode of transportation. Below is a list of major cargo transportation means that are used globally

Ocean

 

 

Ocean freight is one of the conventional ways of sending goods to international destinations. Sometimes, the size, shape, and volume of the cargoes render them unfit to be moved by other means of transport other than the sea. Cargo services that send off goods via the ocean are inexpensive. The only drawback of ocean freight is that the transit time is longer than the others.

Ocean freight is mostly employed for commodities that need to be transported in bulk. Agri-products like wheat, maize, soya, etc, are extensively transported through cargo ships worldwide. Other bulk commodities like iron ores, coals, and wet bulk products like petroleum and oil are also the major goods that transit through ocean freight. Additionally, items that are large and oddly-shaped like industrial equipment and vehicles may also move via the ocean.

Air

 

Airfreight is a critical mode of cargo shipping. This mode of transport serves industries and markets that demand speed. High-end brands, like Apple, Samsung, and other elite cosmetic brands use this mode of movement to take advantage of quicker transit time and early penetration of their products in the market when there is a need.

Other industries, such as the retail and automotive industry, also utilize air freight to enjoy just-in-time ( JIT ) inventory replenishment. JIT allows production lines and brands to make order fulfillment based on customer need and urgency. Stores using air freight report greater

flexibility and minimize costs concerning storage and inventory. People who want to take advantage of the door to door cargo service must choose to send their goods via air, as it is fast, convenient, and also ensures less product damage due to mishandling. The two major catches to air freight are that it is one of the most expensive modes of transport and that it comes with size and weight limitations.

Road

 

One of the most common modes of transport for local, as well as international cargo shipping, is by road. In middle eastern countries like Dubai, door to door cargo services is majorly done by road. Moreover, in continents like Africa, North America, and Europe, cargo shipping through road vehicles is the priority of customers. The key benefit of road freight is that only a single customs document process will allow seamless transportation of the goods across states, as well as inter borders of countries.

In addition to that, cargo shipping by road ensures timely and scheduled delivery of the goods. Road cargo services are cheaper than other modes of transportation, and more than that, they are exceptionally flexible. Moreover, tracking of the goods is convenient through road freight.

Other modes of transport include the use of trains and rails. However, the aforementioned modes of transportation are ideal in this contemporary era.