To transport people’s valuable products from one country to another is a big responsibility. Cargo companies have to take into consideration a plethora of factors that ensure the products reach their destination damage-free and exactly as they were sent. The most vital contributing factors in assuring safe and sound transit of goods are the packaging of the goods, the mode of transport, and the type of container responsible for transportation.

Experts and professionals, in the early 1960s, made international standards concerning size, shape, strength, and lifting fixtures of containers that are only to be used in exports such as door to door cargo in India, Pakistan, Dubai, and all the other well-known hubs of export business. Generally, shipping containers are made of steel. Aluminium and wood are also used for the construction of containers, however, the floors are mostly made up of wood.

The following are the most known types of containers used in the cargo industry.

  • The dry containers

Dry containers are used 90% of the time in sea cargos to India, Dubai, Pakistan, and other such countries with massive ports. These containers are available in the market in all three lengths with the height as tall as 40ft – 45 ft lengths. Dry containers look like high cube containers.

  • The refrigerated containers

Refrigerated containers are also known as reef containers. These containers make up 5% of the transit means used for cargo shipments. Reefer containers are used to transport products that need to be stored in cold temperatures to mitigate the chances of spoilage. Products like meat, vegetables, processed food, and seafood are carried in refrigerated containers for export purposes.


  • The hardtop containers

Hardtop containers have a standard length of 20ft and 40 ft. These containers are used in transporting cargo shipments containing heavy and tall equipment, such as the different types of machinery. The roof of hardtop containers is made of steel and is removable. Moreover, the door of the container can also be swivelled out. That is why hard top containers are ideal if the products to be transported demand more space in terms of length.

  • The open-top containers

Open top containers employment rate for use as cargo shipments is 5%. They come in two lengths that are 20ft and 40 ft. Cargo companies use open-top containers to transport tall and heavy products. The top of the container is made up of bows and tarpaulin. The bows contribute to making the packing and unpacking of the cargo content convenient, fast, and easy. However, the tarpaulin helps protect the shipped products from bad weather that is always a possibility during sea freights.

  • The flat rack containers

Flat rack containers are also available in lengths 20ft and 40 ft. To transport bulky, heavy, and wide cargo, flat rack containers are ideal. These containers come without a roof and walls. Thus, it is very easy to load and unload the shipments from the sides and the top without mishandling and damaging the goods.

  • The tank containers

Tank containers, also known as TK, are about 20 ft long. Most of such containers are owned by the shipper itself. The surrounding of the tank has a distinct framework with the dimensions of a container. The speciality of tank containers is that they can harbour a certain limit of cargo. These tanks can be filled to a capacity of 80-90% only. This minimizes the effects of excessive stacking and ensures the safety of the goods. Food items like oils, juices, and hazardous chemicals can be transported through tank containers.

Before sealing any deal off with a cargo company, make sure you know what kind of containers will be transporting your goods to their destination.